This 30 hour Physical Agent Modality Course has been designed to enhance the participant’s clinical knowledge of physical agent modalities as a powerful adjunct to the patient’s plan of care. The first weekend will cover superficial and deep thermal agents, such as moist heat, ultrasound, diathermy, and light therapy. The second weekend will cover Electrical Stimulation, including TENS, NMES, FES, and Iontophoresis.
The biophysical principles will be presented for each physical agent modality. The course will include physiological, neurophysiological, and electrophysiological changes which occur as a result of the application of each modality and the response of normal and abnormal tissue to the application of each modality. Indications, contraindications, warnings, and precautions for all PAMs will be addressed. Evidence-based clinical applications will be emphasized and practiced in lab sessions. Proper modality selection based upon the patient’s impairments and functional limitations, co-morbidities, and response to treatment, will be discussed and performed by the participants. Decision making by the participant to utilize one modality instead of another is discussed through interactive case studies.
Current CMS regulations will be discussed regarding National Coverage Decisions, reimbursement, and skilled documentation integrating standardized tests and measures that justify PAM usage. The course discusses standards of practice for infection control, risk management associated with modality use, and clinical programming involving PAM’s including falls and balance, strengthening, pain management, and urinary incontinence.