European Union Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Directive 2004/108/EC requires manufacturers and suppliers of equipment to comply with essential regulatory requirements before equipment is placed on the market or taken into service. Compliance prevents interference with radio reception for example and ensures adequate immunity of the electrical and electronic equipment to electromagnetic noise within the environment.
Equipment comprises Apparatus and Fixed Installations. Apparatus (electrical/electronic products within the scope of the EMC Directive) must carry CE marking.
Fixed Installations comprise particular combinations of permanently installed apparatus. Since 20 July 2007 there are legal EMC requirements for new or modified fixed installations such as appointing a Responsible Person to hold technical documentation and demonstrating the application of good engineering practices.
Future changes to the EMC Directive are planned as a result of the ‘New Legislative Framework’ and these are discussed.