Rehabilitation is underdeveloped in Southern Africa. There are vey few training programmes, no comprehensive professional association and no statutory control for those who work in the rehabilitation field. Those who are under statutory control are registered under professional categories that are not specific to rehabilitation. These include psychologists, medical practitioners who in South Africa, for example, are registered under the Health Professions Council, nurses under the South African Nursing Council and social workers under the South African Council for Social Service Professions. Thus, we can say Rehabilitation is an underdeveloped profession without identity. Yet, the needs for rehabilitation are vast.
In the school context there are children with various disabilities including physical, psychological to behavioural ones. Teachers who lack training in rehabilitation often provide interventions for such students without the necessary knowledge.
In society at large there is a wide range of needs. They include infrastructure, attitude, technology and the philosophy regarding disability.